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The Netherlands: Converting Mixed Waste into Raw Materials

Waste-to-Chemistry Project at Port of Rotterdam Takes Shape

| Editor: Alexander Stark

The facility will be the first of its kind in Europe to provide a sustainable alternative solution for non-recyclable wastes, converting waste plastics and other mixed wastes into new raw materials.
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The facility will be the first of its kind in Europe to provide a sustainable alternative solution for non-recyclable wastes, converting waste plastics and other mixed wastes into new raw materials. (Source: Akzo Nobel)

A consortium of companies comprising Air Liquide, Akzo Nobel Specialty Chemicals, Enerkem and the Port of Rotterdam has signed a project development agreement covering initial investments in an advanced waste-to-chemistry facility in Rotterdam.

Rotterdam/The Netherlands — The facility will be the first of its kind in Europe to provide a sustainable alternative solution for non-recyclable wastes, converting waste plastics and other mixed wastes into new raw materials. The facility will convert up to 360,000 tons of waste into 220,000 tons (270 million litres) of 'green' methanol. As an equivalent, this represents the total annual waste of more than 700,000 households and represents a CO2 emission savings of about 300,000 tonnes.

The initial investments, which cover detailed engineering, the setup up of a dedicated joint venture and completing the permitting process, will be worth approx. $ 11.2 million. The consortium aims to take the final investment decision (FID) for the estimated $ 250 million project later in 2018 and has appointed Dutch Rabobank as the lead advisor for the financing process.

Realization of the project is supported by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs & Climate policy, which have agreed to develop mechanisms and regulation that will help bring this new technology to full scale to support the low-carbon transition of the Dutch economy. The waste-to-chemistry project is also supported by the City of Rotterdam, the Province of Zuid-Holland and InnovationQuarter, the regional development agency.

Marco Waas, Director RD&I at Akzo Nobel Specialty Chemicals, who leads the consortium's Steering Committee, described the project as an important milestone for the project and a significant step toward implementing a sustainable and circular chemical industry. The facility will be able to convert non-recyclable waste, into methanol, an essential raw material for many everyday products, including sustainable transportation fuel.

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The facility will be built within the Botlek area of the Port of Rotterdam using Enerkem's proprietary technology, and will convert non-recyclable mixed waste, including plastics, into syngas and then into clean methanol for use in the chemical industry and for the transportation sector. Today, methanol is generally produced from natural gas or coal. The plant will have two production lines, or twice the input capacity of Enerkem's commercial-scale plant in Edmonton, Canada. It will benefit from the state-of-the-art infrastructure available within the Port of Rotterdam, as well as synergies with Air Liquide (large industries) for supplying the required oxygen and together with Akzo Nobel, the raw material hydrogen. The speciality chemicals producer also acts as a customer for the methanol.

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