Decarbonization Pfeifer & Langen Converts Power Source of its Boilers from Coal to Biomass
With an aim to decarbonize its sugar factory in Könnern, Germany, Pfeifer & Langen decided to change the power source of its existing two boilers at the site from coal to biomass.
Cologne/Germany – After an initial meeting with AET, Pfeifer & Langen decided to carry out a combustion test and a load test to determine how to best convert the power source of its boilers from coal to biomass residues. The tests were successfully performed with bio-pellets and thanks to the AET SNCR Denox test kit, it was confirmed that Nox emissions did not exceed Germany’s strict regulations.
This approach allowed Pfeifer & Langen to make a business-oriented decision to convert their existing boilers to biomass through a process that would have minimal design and operational risks and result in a more competitive solution. AET was engaged to do the fuel conversion on the two existing travelling grate boilers (2 x 80 t/h, 85 bar, 500°C), a significant element of Pfeifer & Langen’s overall decarbonization journey.
Taking the Könnern factory’s production schedule, in which juice is produced from January to May and sugar is produced from September to January, into account, an original plan was drawn up to convert one boiler to natural gas and the second boiler to biomass.
However, when the invasion of Ukraine in 2022 made it harder and significantly more expensive to get natural gas, the management of Pfeifer & Langen concluded that both boilers should operate on biomass.
The modified plan for converting the boilers to biomass consisted of:
- Fuel feeding: The existing coal feeding system was re-used. However, an automatic three-level security system from the emergency shut-off valve to the furnace inlet was installed to secure against potential backfire through the pellets.
- Pressure part: establish biogas burners; 2x4 MWth.
- Air and flue gas system: Changes were made in the primary and secondary air system, including flue gas recirculation and combustion of waste process gas from the sugar factory.
- Standard AET SNCR Denox system: Urea based SNCR with one level of injection lances to secure Nox emissions below 100 mg/Nm3 @ 6 %O2.