Indian Oil and carbon recycling company Lanzatech have signed a Statement of Intent to construct the world’s first refinery off gas-to-bioethanol production facility in India.
Istanbul/Turkey — Indian Oil is working to both reduce its overall emissions and to improve refinery yields. For this reason, the company has selected the Lanzatech technology which enables the reuse of carbon-rich off-gases for the production of ethanol. According to the developer, the ethanol produced from the recycling of refinery off-gases is expected to have a greenhouse gas emissions savings of over 70 % compared to conventional gasoline.
The basic engineering for the 40 million litres (35 kmta) per annum demonstration facility will begin later this year for installation at Panipat Refinery in Hayrana, India, at an estimated cost of 350 crore rupees ($ 55 million). It will be integrated into existing site infrastructure and will be the company’s first project capturing refinery off-gases. Lanzatech’s first commercial facility converting waste emissions from steel production to ethanol will come online in China in late 2017.
Indian Oil Industry in Transformational Shift
India is adopting a cleaner and greener economic growth pathway today, with the Government running one of the largest renewable capacity expansion programmes in the world. For liquid fuels, this strategy is highlighted by targets initiated by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas to increase the supply of ethanol-blended petrol (E10) to all parts of the country.
“India is on track to exceed its Paris commitments,” said India’s Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Mr. Dharmendra Pradhan. “This is thanks to investment in novel low-carbon technologies such as this project between IndianOil and LanzaTech. It is promising to see carbon turned from a liability into an opportunity, where we can reduce emissions, maximise resources and decarbonise our economy.”
“India is leading a transformational shift which balances industrial growth with the needs of society and the environment,” said Dr Jennifer Holmgren, CEO of Lanzatech. “Changes in the energy paradigm pose a serious challenge for energy companies but Indian Oil is taking the challenge as an opportunity. They are leading the next generation of refiners as they diversify India’s energy sources and explore alternative ways to meet the country’s energy needs, sustain economic growth and alleviate energy poverty.”
Lanzatech claims that by using off-gases from the refining sector, India would be able to produce 40-50 kmta of ethanol per refinery while saving about 1 million tonnes of CO2 per annum.