Bioliquids/Renewables Breakthrough for Renewables: First Bio–Oil Production via Isobutene
French bioprocess specialist Global Bioenergies has successfully converted renewable resources into an oil-like liquid fuel. The conversion via isobutene results in a light, oil-like liquid with qualities that are comparable to fossil oils.
Evry/France – Global Bioenergies announces today having converted renewable resources into gaseous isobutene, and secondarily into liquid fuels similar to those extracted from oil. Gaseous isobutene is one of the main building blocks of the petrochemical industry. Fifteen million tons of isobutene are derived each year from oil, and converted into fuels, plastics and elastomers.
Global Bioenergies develops and scales-up a synthetic biology process to produce isobutene alternatively, from sugar, cereals, and agricultural or forestry waste.
For the first time, a batch of isobutene produced and purified on ARD's Pomacle-Bazancourt site, located close to Reims in France, has been shipped in pressurized containers to the Fraunhofer Institute on the Leuna refinery platform, close to Leipzig in Germany.
A Catalytic Process Turns Isobutene into Hydrocarbon–Cocktail
This batch has been run through an industrially relevant catalytic unit resulting in stringing isobutene molecules one to the other. A mix has been produced containing
- isooctane (string of two isobutene molecules), isododecane (string of three), isocetane (string of four), as well as longer strings. These compounds are associated with large markets:
- Isooctane is the gold standard for gasoline engines, and corresponds to « unleaded 100 » when used pure.
- Isododecane is one of the very few bio-sourced molecules well suited to be blended in jet fuel; its registration as « bio-jet fuel » is underway in the United States of America.
- Isocetane is a heavier fuel that can be used as an additive for diesel engines.
- Longer molecular chains are used in the manufacturing of industrial lubricants.
Rick Bockrath, Vice President for chemical engineering at Global Bioenergies, states: "Industrial fermentation of a gas such as isobutene has numerous advantages, which will translate into a reduced OPEX. We have now successfully aligned our Isobutene process with a technology leading to a liquid hydrocarbon mix resembling to light oil. Our target will now be to purify the different components of this mix. Getting high-purity isooctane is one of the main goals of our alliance with Audi."
Oil Generation Within Days, not Aeons
Marc Delcourt, CEO of Global Bioenergies, concludes: "Our process, now integrated, allows us to convert plant feedstock into liquid hydrocarbons within days, in comparison to geological eras, expressed in million years, necessary to produce oil. Through alliances with agribusiness companies, such as for example Cristal Union already present as a shareholder, this process will allow us to access an unlimited flow of 'renewable oil'. Global Bioenergies contributes through its breakthrough innovation to enhance the energy access of human populations, while limiting CO2 emissions and thus preventing climate change."
Global Bioenergies recently announced the start of the construction in Germany of a 100 tons/year capacity Demo Plant, the last step before large scale commercial exploitation of its isobutene process.