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How to Benefit from CFD Simulation

| Author / Editor: Ravindra Aglave, Thomas Eppinger* / Anke Geipel-Kern

CFD Simulation in Chemical Reaction Engineering — The goal of reaction engineering is to optimize transport processes (heat transfer, mass transfer and mixing) in order to improve yield/conversion of desired products whilst ensuring the safe operation of the reactor. CFD simulation can help maximizing yield while minimizing costs.

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CFD simulation for reaction engineering
CFD simulation for reaction engineering
(Source: © nordroden / Fotolia.com)

The goal of reaction engineering is to optimize transport processes (heat transfer, mass transfer and mixing) in order to improve yield/conversion of desired products whilst ensuring the safe operation of the reactor. This means maximizing yield while minimizing costs.

How to Design a Reactor?

Designing a reactor has several key facets: phase, or state of the reactants and products (solid, gas, liquid or aqueous/dissolved in water); reaction type (single, multiple, parallel series or polymerization); whether a catalyst is involved; flow distribution and mixing; transport of the species; and mode of operation — batch, semi-batch or continuous. Most crucial are the underlying transport processes — fluid flow, heat transfer, mass transfer and reactions — which is where CFD simulation can add substantial value.