Offshore Compressors World's First Subsea Gas Compression Systems Operate in the North Sea
The world's first subsea gas compression system went on stream recently at the Statoil-operated Åsgard field. Aker Solutions has delivered the subsea compression system for this field development.
Norway – “We are immensely proud to be part of this achievement, which is a major milestone for our industry,“ said Chief Executive Officer, Aker Solutions, Luis Araujo. "The close collaboration we have had with Statoil and our suppliers has been essential to ensure the successful delivery of this break-through technology."
Aker Solutions in December 2010 was awarded the contract by Statoil to deliver the system, which consists of modules for two identical sets of compressors, pumps, scrubbers and coolers fitted together in an 1,800-metric ton steel frame. These components were delivered to Statoil and were ready for installation on the seafloor of the Åsgard field in the Norwegian Sea.
This subsea technology milestone opens new opportunities in deeper waters, and in areas far from shore, oilfield operator Staoil believes: “This is one of the most demanding technology projects aimed at improving oil recovery. We are very proud today that we together with our partners and suppliers have realised this project that we started ten years ago,” says Margareth Øvrum, Statoil’s executive vice president for Technology, Drilling and Projects.
Recovery from the Midgard reservoir on Åsgard will increase from 67 percent to 87 percent, and from 59 percent to 84 percent from the Mikkel reservoir. Overall, 306 million barrels of oil equivalent will be added.
Demanding Technology Development
As a field gets older, the natural pressure in the reservoir drops. In order to recover more oil and gas, and get this to the platform, compression is required. The closer to the well compression takes place, the more oil and gas can be recovered.
Traditionally compression plants are installed on platforms or onshore, but this plant is located in 300 metres of water. Due to the challenging location, quality in all parts of the project has been essential, and will help ensure high regularity, maximum recovery and robust production.
The project started in 2005, and the plan for development and operation (PDO) was approved in 2012. An estimated eleven million man-hours have been spent from the start until completion. More than 40 new technologies have been developed and employed after prior testing and verification. Some of this work has taken place at Statoil’s Kårstø laboratory in Western Norway.
Overall, project cost were just above NOK 19 billion. Many small and big suppliers have helped to develop the sophisticated underwater compressor system. Establishing the necessary support functions onshore has been an important and substantial part of the project. A spare compression train will be stored in custom designed halls at the onshore supply base Vestbase in Kristiansund. “High-quality, regular maintenance of the subsea modules will also be performed here, helping ensure operational excellence for Åsgard,” says Espedal Kindem.
Technology for the Future and new Potentials
The Midgard and Mikkel gas reservoirs have been developed using subsea installations. The two gas compressors now installed on the seabed are located close to the wellheads.
Moving the gas compression from the platform to the wellhead substantially increases the recovery rate and life of the fields. Prior to gas compression, gas and liquids are separated out, and after pressure boosting recombined and sent through a pipeline some 40 kilometres to Åsgard B.
In addition to improving recovery subsea gas compression will be more energy efficient than the traditional topside solution. The technology reduces significantly energy consumption and CO2 emissions over the field’s life.
Going Underwater: Future Technology aims for the Deep
Today almost 50 percent of Statoil’s production is recovered through some 500 subsea wells. Statoil’s subsea expertise is essential to successful production efficiency improvement and increased oil recoveryefforts.
“Subsea gas compression is the technology for the future, taking us a big step closer to our ambition of realising a subsea processing plant, referred to as the subsea factory”, says Øvrum. Such a plant will facilitate remotely controlled hydrocarbon transportation. Current topside operations will thus be moved to the seabed, allowing oil and gas to be recovered that would not otherwise be profitable. This is an important element of increased recovery on the Norwegian continental shelf.