Christopher Field, of Stanford University and the Carnegie Institute for Science, has said: “We now have data showing that from 2000 to 2007, greenhouse gas emissions increased far more rapidly than we expected, primarily because developing countries like China and India saw a huge surge in electric power generation, almost all of it based on coal.” But it is not just coal-fired power plants that contribute to increased greenhouse gas emissions. Burning any kind of fossil fuels, including in factories and process plants, is also to blame.
What can be done to reduce emissions? The most effective way is to switch to renewable energy. But while we remain dependent on fossil fuels, a key short-term measure is to optimize combustion by improved control of the fuel/air ratio.
Many countries have also introduced legislation governing the amount of particulates emitted to the atmosphere. Modern emissions monitoring systems can save energy and help companies remain within the law by reducing emissions of both particulates and carbon dioxide.
- Siemens products and solutions have helped companies reduce their CO2 emissions by a total of 148 million metric tonnes;
- Simatic PCS 7 with APC ensures optimum fuel combustion;
- process instrumentation measures emissions and when used in conjunction with Simatic PCS 7, controls gas-cleaning processes and removes pollutants and particulates;
- safety systems protect plants from critical failures;
- alternative power generation solutions create renewable energy from wind, solar and water.
Clean drinking water is essential for human survival. As both population and urbanization continue to grow, reliable, clean supplies of fresh water are critical.
“Water is the oil of the 21st century,” says Andrew Liveris, CEO of Dow Chemicals. Global water consumption has doubled over the past 20 years, and unlike oil, water has no substitute. Desalination, the re-use of treated wastewater, and reduced water consumption in manufacturing processes are all required.
- Simatic PCS 7 water solutions provide complete plant-wide control and monitoring of water treatment and desalination plants;
- Simatic PCS 7 helps companies optimize their processes for reduced water consumption;
- water solutions comply with water quality requirements to ensure consistent processes and production.
Our earth has only finite amounts of raw materials, and these are dwindling as population and living standards increase. We therefore need to recycle our waste as much as possible, and European countries are leading the way. In the process industries, Siemens automation technologies can help to cut waste.
- Simatic PCS 7 helps to reduce waste, for instance through APC to increase yield, and route control functionality to avoid unwanted mixing of materials;
- Simatic PCS 7 helps to reduce off-spec products and improve product quality;
- tracking and tracing solutions help manage the supply chain to avoid using out-of-date raw materials, for instance in the food industry;
- waste heat recovery systems foster energy efficiency.
Focused and committed
As this article has shown, Siemens is 100 percent focused and committed to the challenge of tackling the toughest issues facing the world today, especially regarding the environment and our changing climate. Technology from Siemens’ green automation portfolio is making our world more livable, as well as providing customers with lower lifecycle costs in their plants and buildings.
* M. Chung is Regional Marketing Manager Simatic PCS 7 and R. Wieser is Marketing Manager Simatic PCS 7, both in the Industry Automation division of Siemens AG, Karlsruhe/Germany.