USA: Lower-Carbon Future ExxonMobil to Invest More than 15 Billion Dollars for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions
With an aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from its facilities and prepare for a lower-carbon future, ExxonMobil will be investing the hefty amount over the next six years in its sustainable and green initiatives. The company will also work towards developing technologies which can be used in carbon capture and storage, hydrogen and biofuels production.
Texas/USA – Over the next six years, ExxonMobil plans to invest more than 15 billion dollars on lower greenhouse gas emission initiatives. This significant increase in spending will further accelerate efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from its operated facilities. To that point, the firm is on track to meet its 2025 emission-intensity reduction goals by the end of this year – four years earlier than anticipated. As a result of its progress, the company is working on even more aggressive reduction plans that are consistent with its support for the goals of the Paris Agreement, the U.S. and European Union’s Global Methane Pledge, as well as the U.S. Methane Emissions Reduction Action Plan announced recently.
A significant share of the spending will be directed toward its Low Carbon Solutions business, which is focused on reducing greenhouse gas emissions from hard-to-decarbonize sectors such as heavy industry, commercial transportation and power generation, which together account for more than 80 % of the world’s energy-related emissions.
The firm sees tremendous opportunities to use its technology and expertise in carbon capture and storage, hydrogen, and biofuels to support meaningful reductions in global emissions. It expects those opportunities to grow as policy support for low-carbon solutions increases.
Carbon capture and storage
Key among those technologies is carbon capture and storage, a proven way to collect CO2 emissions and securely store them deep underground. Carbon capture and storage is critical to reaching net zero by 2050, according to independent experts like the International Energy Agency and the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
In recent months, ExxonMobil has announced several carbon capture and storage ‘hub’ concepts where high-emission industries can share infrastructure, enabling benefits from economies of scale. Expanded use of carbon capture and storage can further improve the emission reductions associated with hydrogen and biofuels.
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Eleven companies, including ExxonMobil, have expressed interest in supporting a large-scale carbon capture and storage hub in the Houston industrial area, USA. The company believes that by 2040, it could be possible to annually capture about 100 million metric tons of CO2 from refineries, chemical plants and power generation facilities in the area. That’s equal to the greenhouse gas emissions today from more than 20 million gasoline-powered passenger vehicles.
In Wyoming, USA the firm is planning to expand carbon capture and storage capacity at its natural gas and helium production site, which has already captured more CO2 than any other facility in the world.
In Europe, ExxonMobil is working with other companies and governments to advance potential carbon capture and storage hubs in Scotland, France, Belgium and the Netherlands.
In Southeast Asia, the company has recently outlined its vision for a carbon capture and storage hub to serve heavy industry areas around Singapore. The firm has signed an MOU with Pertamina, the state-owned energy company of Indonesia, to evaluate the potential for deploying low-carbon technologies there, and another with Petronas, the state-owned energy company of Malaysia, to collaborate and jointly explore potential carbon capture and storage projects in Malaysia.
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Biofuels and hydrogen
Biofuels will also play an important role in a lower-carbon future, especially in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from commercial transportation.
ExxonMobil’s Canadian affiliate, Imperial Oil, is progressing plans to produce renewable diesel at its Strathcona refinery in Edmonton using a proprietary catalyst technology that enables advantaged production. Renewable diesel is a drop-in fuel for use in today’s engines that generates 70 % fewer carbon emissions than conventional diesel.
In the U.S., the firm expanded its agreement with Global Clean Energy to purchase up to 5 million barrels per year of renewable diesel from its biorefinery in Bakersfield, California starting next year.
ExxonMobil also produces about 1.3 million metric tons of hydrogen annually, and is working to develop new technologies that significantly lower production costs.
And finally, it continues to advance research with university partners and other stakeholders to explore and commercialize new biofuel technologies.
Governments’ assistance is critical in developing durable, predictable, and market-driven policies in order to help drive the greatest greenhouse gas emissions reductions at the lowest cost to society. For example, initial policy support for carbon capture and storage could facilitate the development of an effective marketplace that reduces costs and incentivizes additional investment.
To deploy the technology at the pace and scale required to support society’s ambition of a net-zero future, government policies will need to provide direct investment and incentives similar to those available to other lower-carbon technologies. The company has long supported an explicit price on carbon to establish market incentives and provide the needed clarity and stability required for investments.
No single technology can enable society to achieve its lower-carbon ambitions. Predictable, stable, cost-effective policies are necessary to incentivize the development and scalability of a wide range of lower-carbon technologies across the economy.