Italy: Research Eni Collaborates with Corepla to Produce Hydrogen from Plastic Packaging Waste
Under the agreement, Eni will partner with Corepla to launch research projects in order to produce hydrogen from non-recyclable plastic packaging waste. The companies have also formed a joint working group which will evaluate how the market of non-mechanically recyclable packaging will develop in the coming years.
Rome/Italy – Eni recently signed an agreement with Corepla, the National Consortium for the Collection, Recycling and Recovery of Plastic Packaging, to launch research projects to produce hydrogen from non-recyclable plastic packaging waste.
The agreement was signed by Giuseppe Ricci, Eni Chief Refining & Marketing Officer, and Antonello Ciotti, President of Corepla. It defines the joint working group that will, over the next six months, assess the launching of research projects to produce hydrogen and high-quality biofuels from plastic waste. The working group will analyse how the market of non-mechanically recyclable packaging will evolve in the next few years. They will study the types of waste that can be used to develop a positive, innovative circular economy process and maximise recovery, in line with new EU directives.
In sorted waste, plastic packaging is separated and sent to be recycled so it can be reused, mostly by transforming it into chips or grains which then become raw material for creating new products. But not everything can be recycled. Plasmix is the collective name for the different plastics used in packaging that currently have no use in the market of recycling. Almost all of it goes towards energy recovery, apart from a small fraction that ends up in landfill. Thanks to the agreement signed recently, some of it can instead be recycled and transformed into new raw material.
Through this agreement, Eni is strengthening and developing its strategy to apply the principles of the circular economy to its business, based on research and newly developed technologies. Since 2014, thanks to the Ecofining patent, the company has been producing high-quality biofuels from used cooking and frying oil, animal fat and other non-edible waste, in Porto Marghera and, shortly, also in Gela.
Hydrogen is an essential part of the production process, as it neutralises the oxygen in vegetable oil and converts the triglycerides into paraffins and isoparaffins, thereby completely removing the sulphur, nitrogen and polyaromatic hydrocarbons from the biofuel. Another important element of the Eni circular economy is Waste to Fuel. A pilot plant has been built in Gela to test production of bio-oil and biomethane taken from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste. The results will be crucial in the announced production on an industrial scale at the plants in Ravenna, Porto Marghera and potential other disused industrial sites in Italy and even other countries.