India: Engineering Adani to Invest 4 Billion Dollars for New Coal-to-PVC Plant
The Adani Group will be developing a new coal-to-polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plant in Mundra, Gujarat, India. The 2 million metric tons/year unit is expected to produce PVC grades such as suspension PVC, chlorinated PVC and emulsion PVC.
Gujarat/India – India’s multinational conglomerate Adani Group has plans to construct a coal-to-polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plant in Mundra, Gujarat, according to an application by the company to India’s Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change. Expected to produce 2 million metric tons/year, the unit will produce PVC grades such as suspension PVC (resin), chlorinated PVC (C-PVC) and emulsion PVC (paste).
The company also intends to establish a vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) plant to produce PVC. This unit is projected to have a capacity of 2.002 million tons/year.
In addition to this, the giant firm is also planning to build a chlor-alkali plant in order to produce 1.3 million metric tons/year of caustic soda, 1.23 million metric tons/year of hydrochloric acid (HCL), and 16,000 metric tons/year of sodium hypochlorite. The facility is also expected to produce 130,000 metric tons/year of caustic potash, 100,000 metric tons/year of potassium carbonate, and 200,000 metric tons/year of sodium bicarbonate.
According to the company, the project will also include a calcium carbide and acetylene unit, which will produce 2.86 million metric tons/year of lime, 2.9 million metric tons/year of calcium carbide, 860,000 metric tons/year of acetylene, and hydrate lime sludge.
For this mega project, about 3.1 million metric tons/year of feedstock coal will be used which will be mainly sourced from Australia, Russia and other countries. The company has plans to bring the project on stream within four years of receiving all the necessary approvals.
The country currently imports more than 50 % of its PVC requirements and these imports are expected to rise further with no recent new capacity additions. India is one of the fastest growing petrochemical markets in the world and requires several petrochemical plants to meet the rising demand, stated the firm.
PVC and caustic soda are two basic segments of the Indian industry which facilitate a chain of downstream industries such as agriculture, infrastructure, housing and sanitation and other similar industries. The proposed project will also help to reduce import dependence for polymers by promoting domestic production, concludes the company.