Sustainable Water Management A Knowledge Sharing Platform for The Indian Water Community
The fifth World Aqua Congress brought in a multidimensional exposure on developing and implementing innovative management approaches, and how to cope with the increasing complexity and uncertainties.
Organised by Aqua Foundation, the fifth World Aqua Congress gathered people from various walks of water management under one roof in New Delhi recently. The congress, consisting of a symposium and an exhibition, concluded with some vital recommendations that India is supposed to meticulously focus on to ensure sustainable water management in the coming days.
Considering this as a key environmental challenge of the 21st century, and as climate change is a vital issue – development and implementation of innovative management approaches in the field are absolutely essential. Also, to cope with the rising complexity and uncertainties, India needs the approach of Adaptive and Integrated H2O Management.
Use of modelling and simulations has to increase to predict the behaviours of floods and ground water levels. Also, they need to be updated on newer available data on regular basis. There should be efforts towards data sharing at all levels.
Sustainability Requirement for Water Management
Pollution control boards should consider initiating water treatment by third party or an alternative mechanism, charging pollution creating industries for the same. Also, as groundwater contamination and deterioration of water quality is a big concern today, corrective steps are required immediately. Development of human resources (capacity building) for water resource development is urgently required. Extensive training to water professionals need to be imparted on for this purpose on continuous basis.
Water Management Guidelines Are Needed
Region-specific clear guidelines are needed to be implemented. Model Recharge Centers can be developed at district levels to showcase and educate the type of recharge structure suitable for that area. Urban water utilities need to become more efficient and have to upgrade their infrastructure urgently.
Also, modern techniques of drip irrigation, sprinklers etc., need to be deployed in agriculture, which is the biggest user of fresh water resources.